Your baby has just acquired the routine of sleeping and the feeding schedule, but a flu season is near and you start to fear from the first cold of your baby. But there is no need to worry.
Babies are born with some immunity to sicknesses, which they inherit from the mother – which increases with breastfeeding. But, babies are not completely protected from the huge, persistently changing groups of viruses that cause infections of the upper respiratory tract. This means that most healthy babies have six to eight colds before their first birthday. The positive side is that the colds will help your child to begin to build he’s own immunity.
The life cycle of a viral infection
For most parents, the biggest concern is that they are not sure if it is just a common cold, or something more serious. But signs of a cold will assess that really nothing serious was going on in the baby. Common cold comes slowly and lasts approximately nine days.
First three days of coming
In the first three days, when your child is ” the most sick”, he is nervous, scared, has a decreased appetite, and it is even possible for temperature to occur.
If the baby is less than three months old, and his rectal temperature higher than 38.5 degrees, immediately see your pediatrician.
For the third day, his nose will start to constantly secretes clear, thin mucus, which actually is a sign that his immune system is becoming active. Try not to be a “guard” with the paper handkerchiefs. Your numerous attempts to make the baby “blow” his nose are more upsetting than having mucus in his nose.
Three days of duration
During this phase, the high temperature has passed, your child is less irritable and eats more. Secretions from the nose becomes denser and can be with a bright yellow color. In this period of the cold, it is possible to develop a cough, whereby your child inevitably would have trouble sleeping due to removal of secretions from the nose into the throat.
Three days of passing
Now at this stage, secretions thickens completely and tends to stop. Your baby is already functioning and eating normally.
Familiarizing with the flu
Because now you know how a typical cold looks like, it’s time to familiarize yourself with the flu. Influenza, unlike the common cold, appears in the period from November to March. Children are “contagious” one day before the symptoms of the flu appear.
The time that the symptoms lasts, that is the time the flu lingers in the baby, it can even last up to two weeks.
Flu symptoms in older children and adults include: sudden fever, muscle aches, fatigue, headache, pain and burning sensation in the eyes, sore throat, coughing.
Preschoolers can tell you when the muscles in their hands or leg hurt , and it will be clear to you that, your otherwise normal active child, does not feel good if he does not want to get out of the couch. However, these symptoms are more difficult to detect in babies and in young children who had just taken their first steps.
Here are some guidelines that might help you to easily decide if it is the flu or some other softer cold that is bothering your baby. The cold comes slowly, over several days, but the flu “bangs” quickly, sometimes within a few hours. The temperature in the case of flu will last more than one or two days, your child will not look much better even when it will be reduced. Also his activity and appetite drop dramatically and also the coughing will be worse than in the common cold. Babies and very young children may experience worse stool (diarrhea) and vomiting. If you suspect the flu, see a doctor immediately.
Is there a magic cure?
The truth is very simple: there is no cure that will quickly solve the problem of the common cold and flu. Antibiotics are not effective against colds, the use of specific antiviral drugs for certain viral infections is approved for babies.
In addition, a growing number of studies suggest that those drugs that facilitate breathing and preparations that represent a combination of these medications with antihistamines (allergy medication) are not effective in children. In addition, these drugs can cause side effects such as increased anxiety, nervousness and difficulty in sleeping.
Always stick to the advice and guidance from the pediatricians for your children.
Always keep at hand a medicament for reducing the temperature. Of course, before use, it is necessary to consult a doctor because you need to know the correct dose for the age and weight of your baby.
Immediately, as soon as his nose starts to run, put a freshener in the room where the baby sleeps, which will help keep the nasal passages moist. Regularly un plug his nose, using a pump for extracting of secretions.
This strategy will help to make it easier to feed or breastfeed your baby, because it will be easier for him to breathe, and that will make him less nervous. So that the baby can fall asleep easier lift his head with a book or a small towel which should be placed under the mattress. This way, the secretions from the nose to the throat is decreased. Give him as much liquids as you can the greater quantity you can give him the better are the chances that the baby will stay hydrated and will ensure that the body can function properly and can defend itself more effectively against the cold or flu.