Prevent Gestational Diabetes Before
Gestational diabetes in pregnancy may occur between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy. It occurs because of the hormone insulin. This hormone is produced in the pancreas and it is responsible for the normal use of blood sugar (glucose) and the consumption of this same sugar as a source of energy in the body. While the placenta is formed, the woman’s body produces hormones that help the baby to carry out the vital functions through the placenta. The level of these hormones increases particularly in the late second trimester of the pregnancy when the baby grows faster than in the first trimester, and can cause more movement of glucose in the blood.
Increased demand for insulin requires the pancreas to secrete insulin in larger amounts, but if it cannot establish balance in the sugar level, a problem arises. Therefore, if insulin is not produced in sufficient quantities or if blood sugar remains unused, it stays in the blood and gestational diabetes appears.
Pregnant woman has to make regular gynecological examinations and regular laboratory analysis so that her gynecologist can react in time if any specific risk factors are noticed for developing gestational diabetes.
Gestational diabetes can be regulated by diet, exercise, and insulin usage. Nevertheless, can you and how can you prevent gestational diabetes from occurring in the first place?
In 2010 there was a study made that found out that women who exercised, i.e. were physically active before becoming pregnant, are at lower risk of developing gestational diabetes for a quarter.
In addition, an interesting fact on the occurrence of diabetes is brushing teeth. A few years ago, a New York University research team of dentists, found evidence that pregnant women with periodontitis (gum disease) are more likely to develop gestational diabetes than pregnant women with healthy gums.